Red maple

Red maple

Question: red maple

can I plant the red maple in a pot to put on the outside terrace or is it better in the garden? thanks

Red Maple: Answer: Red Maple

Dear Flavio, thank you for having proposed your doubts to the "Questions and answers" section of our website. Red maple can be grown both in the garden and in pots. In both cases it is a plant that needs a humid place to live well and not excessive irrigation. If you want to put the red maple in a pot you will have to carefully choose the size of the pot: if you want a plant of at least 2 meters you will have to take a larger pot, while if you want a smaller maple and a smaller pot will suffice. . Regardless of the size of the maple, you must always keep these plants pruned: being in pots they cannot have a very developed aerial part in the face of a very limited space for the roots. Clearly, the smaller the pot, the more incisive the pruning must be. Finally, if you decide to put this plant in a pot, we advise you to equip yourself with universal soil or a loose and well-drained soil, an ideal growth substrate for this plant.

Maple: characteristics and seeds

Find out everything about maple: leaves, growth and ... syrup

Maple is a very widespread and appreciated tree especially for ornamental purposes, and a symbol of Canada which has reproduced the leaf on its flag. Its cultivation is extremely simple in humid and rainy climates, with little sun exposure.

The maple is a tree whose diffusion and origin involves Europe, the Far East and North America, of which more than 200 species are part, which vary mainly for the height ranging from one meter to 30 meters in the species larger. It is widespread up to 1000 meters above sea level, both in flat and hilly areas.

It is highly appreciated in parks and gardens as an ornamental plant thanks to its variable and seasonal colors, especially in its bright autumn red robe of the leaves, which have become the National symbol of Canada, where maple thrives abundantly and colors the numerous forests of the North American country. In summer, on the other hand, it assumes light or dark green colors depending on the species. Its leaf is however well known and appreciated also for its classic shape which is reproduced on the Canadian flag.

This peculiarity brings us back to its natural habitat, which must be cool, with little sun exposure. The soil must not be calcareous, but moist and very fertile. In fact, maple loves humidity, rain and fairly harsh or cool climates. It reproduces without great difficulty, especially by sowing, therefore it does not require reproduction techniques to be treated carefully. For garden cultivation it presents no problems especially in rainy and well-drained areas.

It is often used in the creation of beautiful bonsai, especially in Japan, one of its homelands.

However, it is delicate when it comes to parasites. In fact, it is often attacked by mites, fungi and insects, which damage its leaves and bark.

It is also used in the North American food industry for the production of Maple syrup, much appreciated by Americans for sweets and biscuits.

Japanese maple, nature in all its beauty

These two intermediate seasons, in fact, are the best to admire the maple in all its splendor. Specifically, spring colors can vary greatly even within the same variety in relation to exposure, temperatures, the health of the plant and the conditions of the soil. In general, the bright colors of the fronds, of which you can admire some truly spectacular images in our gallery, can last for a long time if the temperatures are kept below 25 °.

Japanese maple: the wood is tinged with fiery red

Japanese maple: a detail of the splendid leaves

On the other hand, in many varieties the leaves particularly exposed to the sun's rays or, on the contrary, too shaded, can easily take on faded colors. Its scientific name is Maple Palmatum and it is a deciduous tree or shrub with very slow growth.

Japanese maple - a beautiful picture under the snow

In its lifetime, however, the maple can even reach 6 meters in height. In the truly suggestive images that we have collected in this section, you can admire such tall specimens: a truly remarkable glance for one of the most beautiful gifts that nature has given us.

Japanese red maple: absolute protagonist of the woods

Another characteristic of the maple is that it has a slender trunk and a wide crown. Due to its particular beauty, maple is often used as an ornamental plant for the garden or on tree-lined city streets.

Japanese red maple: a charming small specimen

Not only that, in Zen gardens, as we will see, it is one of the most important elements, it is also the subject of many paintings and representations. Not to mention tattoos: the increasingly widespread fashion of adorning one's body with designs of various kinds, also includes those depicting the leaves of the Japanese maple.

Red maple in a park with a Japanese temple

Japanese red maple: a detail of the leaves illuminated by the sun

Precisely with regard to the maple leaves, in late summer and early autumn they first become yellow and then an intense orange, before falling. Of this particular phase, we have collected an image in our gallery, just to give you an idea of ​​the color change compared to the other months of the year.

Japanese red maple: a suggestive night image

The palamate maple is not particularly afraid of the months in which the cold becomes particularly intense, it goes without saying that it can be grown in the garden in all seasons. If you have a maple with a particularly thin trunk, it is advisable to put a stake to prevent it from being damaged by snow or wind.

Red maple on the sides of a staircase leading to a temple

As for exposure, maple prefers sunny or partial shade areas. The ideal location would be east-northeast, with the sun during the morning hours and shade during the hottest hours of the afternoon, to prevent the sun from burning the leaves.

Japanese red maple in a Zen garden

And here we are at the chapter concerning watering: the adult maple, thanks to the deeply planted roots, does not need to be wet except after periods of prolonged drought. However, even in this case the maple should not be excessively wet, furthermore between one watering and the other it is a good rule to leave the soil dry for at least a couple of days, then you can proceed by wetting the substrate in depth, 'approximately every four to five weeks with 1 or 2 buckets of water.

Red maple: some fallen leaves on the lawn

Red maple: a detail of the ruby ​​red leaves

Japanese red maple in all its glory

As far as fertilization is concerned, the maple is fertilized in early autumn or late winter, every 2-3 years or at the time of planting, we intervene by mixing organic fertilizer such as manure or humus to the soil, thus providing the soil with the right nourishment, which will allow the maple to grow healthy and lush. And here we are at the ground. These trees need loose soil, but they are strong shrubs and still adapt to any type of substrate, the important thing is that it is well drained. Maple can also be affected by diseases and plagued by parasites. The most frequent among the latter may be aphids, red spider mite and cochineal.

Red maple: here are its splendid leaves

Red maple: a close-up image

On the other hand, as regards the diseases that can sometimes affect maples, we mention wood necrosis, famigliola and tracheoverticillosis. Among the various types of maple, we have examined the Japanese maple, a plant that can enchant for its beautiful shapes, for the color and shape of its leaves, for the order and calm that the arrangement of its branches spreads in the environment that surrounds it. For these reasons it often represents the fulcrum of Zen gardens, but not only, in fact it is increasingly widespread also in the West.

Red maple with spectacular fronds

Dwarf red maple and other Japanese plant species

Due to its small size, slow growth and small leaves, the Japanese maple is particularly popular with bonsai lovers. As you can see in the images accompanying our text, Japanese maple bonsai are a real sculpture. Finally, some curiosities and legends related to maple.

Red maple: zoom in on some leaves

Red maple: a splendid specimen in a wood

Red maple: leaves in autumn

The Maple, in Greek mythology represents the tree of the god of fear (phobos), more commonly, it represents the symbol of modesty, prudence and confidentiality. This tree is an integral and part of the peasant culture. Thanks to its yellow-amber colors it has signaled the changing of the seasons for millennia.

Japanese red maple bonsai: a masterpiece of nature and man!

The maple leaf, in fact, symbolizes the autumn season. A Japanese legend tells that the Japanese aristocrats waited for autumn to find themselves under the Japanese maples, to play, sing or recite poems with amorous content, looking for the best inspiration right in the red leaves. Over time this popular custom has been deeply consolidated and today this myth has remained unchanged.

Red maple inside a lovely garden

Habitat of the red maple

In North America, where the plants grow wild, the red maple thrives in a wide range of soil types, conditions of temperature and humidity and altitude. In general it is good to keep in mind that the plant prefers i soils well drained, moist and low to medium altitudes. On higher slopes it grows well on areas exposed to the southwest.

It also adapts well to roadside growth, but needs regular watering and care, as the roots are strong and can damage the pavement or sidewalks. Silver maple is more suitable for street furniture, because it has less aggressive roots. The red maple bears transplantation well.

Between cultivar more notes there are:

  • Armstrong, with an almost columnar upright posture
  • Autumn Flame, with the round stem and intensely colored in autumn
  • Bowhall, vertically growing
  • Gerling, densely branched
  • October Glory whose leaves fall late compared to other cultivars
  • Red Sunset, very colorful.

For those looking for 10 seeds of red maple for bonsai, Amazon offers this packaging to the price recommended - subject to change - of 3.60 euros. Here to buy it.

The red maple can be planted in a garden with a draining soil and well watered: in conditions of the right soil moisture, the plant grows well both in full sun and in the shade. If the area is not naturally humid, the maple will need frequent irrigation. The soil should also be slightly acidic or neutral. Alkaline soil causes pale and weak leaves to decay. The land can be enriched with mulch organic, which favors the maintenance of the right degree of humidity and nourishment to the tree.

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Red Maple: characteristics, history, curiosities, behavior

If the daisy announces the end of winter and the arrival of the warm season, the red maple is one of the first plants to bloom in spring. It is a beautiful and majestic tree with a spectacular large, thick and red crown, also suitable for cultivation in pots and able to live up to 150 years.

The botanical name is Acer rubrum, but the plant is known more simply by the name of red maple, or scarlet maple, and is a tree belonging to the deciduous species, a group which includes all those plant organisms whose leaves are destined to fall with the arrival of the winter season.

Widespread in the eastern and central parts of North America, the tree is also known by the names of marsh maple, soft maple, Carolina red maple, Drummond red maple or water maple. The tree's natural habitat extends from southeastern Manitoba to the border with the states of Ontario and Minnesota, east of Newfoundland, south of Florida and southwest to east of Texas. In some areas, such as the Bluegrass region of Kentucky, there are only small groups of Acer rubrum while in areas where the average minimum temperature reaches -40 ° C, for example in the south-eastern part of Canada, the plant has no chance to develop.

In addition to being one of the most common trees in the United States, scarlet maple is also considered a weed species that is taking the place of other local plants such as oak, pine and hickory.

The height of the plant varies from 18 to 27 m, but can even exceed 35 m, and the diameter of the trunk, based on growth, measures between 46 and 76 cm. In young plants the bark is smooth and pale gray while the branches tend to reddish with small lenticels. The buds are rounded with shades ranging from green to reddish, are formed in autumn-winter and are protected by pearls. The leaf scars that form on the branches resemble the letter "V" and show three signs caused by the closure of the lymphatic vessels.

In mature specimens, however, the bark is darker with cracks on the trunk. Today, the tree of red maple oldest in the world is located near Armanda, a village located in Macomb County in the state of Michigan. In adulthood, the leaves of the tree reach a length ranging from 9 to 11 cm and the width of the crown, oviform and irregular, is equal to 12 m. On the branches it is possible to observe palmate and lobed leaves, marked by dark-colored veins, and with serrated margins. In some specimens the bright red color, which characterizes the foliage during the autumn season, can also leave room for yellow and orange tones.

The flowers, mainly unisexual, are collected in separate corymbs and appear in spring, before the leaves, in the period between April and May and then ripen between April and June. A Acer rubrum it begins to bloom from the age of 8, however it is a fact that varies from plant to plant and in some cases it is possible that flowering begins as early as the age of 4.

Red Maple: the best known species and the most widespread cultivars

The planting of the plant can be done in the ground or in pots to make gardens and large terraces more beautiful. However, even those who love smaller plants can fulfill their dream of growing one Acer rubrum like the small and delicate bonsai of red maple Japanese.

The species of scarlet maple are numerous and among the best known, in addition to Acer Japonicum, we find:

  • Acer grissom
  • Acer palmate
  • Acer saccharum
  • Acer buergerianum
  • Acer platanoides
  • Acer pesodoplatanus
  • Acer rubric
  • Acer Ginnala

In addition, several varieties have been selected with the aim of accentuating the autumn color of the plant. Here are the most common red maple cultivars:

  • Armstrong
  • Autumn Blaze
  • Autumn Flame
  • Autumn Radiance
  • Autumn Spire
  • Bohall
  • Burgundy Bell
  • Columnar
  • Gerling
  • Northwood
  • Ocrober Brilliance
  • October Glory
  • Redpointe
  • Red Sunset
  • Scarlet Sentinel
  • Schlesingeri
  • Shade King
  • V.J. Drake

Red Maple: which varieties are considered toxic

Both dead and withered, the leaves ofred maple they are highly toxic to horses and can become lethal. The allergenic potential changes according to the various types of cultivars and the Ogren Plant Allergy Scale, known by the acronym OPALS, is used to identify its value. It is a scale with values ​​between 1 and 10 that allows you to measure plant allergy.

The varieties whose allergenic value on the OPALS scale is equal to or higher than 8 are:

  • Autumn Flame
  • Autumn Spire
  • Columnar
  • Firedance
  • Karpick
  • Northwood
  • October Brilliance
  • Sun Valley
  • Tiliford

These are completely male cultivars. Conversely, plants that are completely female and with an allergen value equal to or less than 3 are:

  • Autumn Glory
  • Bowhall
  • Davey Red
  • Doric
  • Embers
  • Festival
  • October Glory
  • Red Skin
  • Red Sunset

Red Maple: everything you need to know to grow it

L'red maple it is one of the most spectacular ornamental plants and can be grown in open fields and in pots.

Here's everything you need to know if you want to care for a scarlet maple plant.

  • Exposure and watering: the ideal place for scarlet maple is a semi-shaded area that allows the plant not to be exposed to direct sunlight for too many hours. The tree tolerates cold temperatures well but fears drafts. During the summer season it is advisable to nebulize the leaves daily to find the humidity conditions necessary for the correct development of the plant. For the same reason it also needs frequent watering. The land ofAcer rubrum, in fact, it must be well irrigated, well drained and never dry.
  • Ground: the ideal soil for scarlet maple is moist, slightly acidic or neutral and rich in nutrients. However, limestone soils should be avoided. For fertilization, to be carried out between March and June and from mid-August to mid-September, it is advisable to choose a slow-release fertilizer, paying close attention not to overdo the doses. If the plant is grown in pots, it is recommended to add humus during planting, to fertilize from early spring to autumn approximately every four weeks and to empty the saucer to avoid the risk of water stagnation. For transplanting into the ground, it is necessary to wait for the end of winter and the complete development of the root system. The first step is to dig a hole whose width and depth must correspond to double the portion of soil necessary to cover the roots. The land must be worked well and enriched with peat mixed with river sand. After planting, we proceed with the mulching of mature stallic or leaves to maintain the ideal humidity level and protect the roots.

  • Pruning: the perfect season is winter, but the scarlet maple can also be pruned in March before the buds swell to eliminate dry and broken branches. Attention: the tree should always be pruned away from the vegetative period and with suitable tools always disinfected before and after use. It should be noted that in some countries pruning is also carried out during the growing season to obtain the sugary substance from which the famous maple syrup is obtained. However, this is a very delicate operation that takes away energy from the plant and must only be carried out by experienced growers.
  • Multiplication of maple: occurs by stratification of seeds or by cutting in October. In the first case, the fruits of the maple, called samaras, open and the seeds are dispersed in the air thanks to the wind.
  • Illnesses: among the parasites that affect scarlet maple, especially in spring, there are aphids, spider mites and cochineals.

Red Maple: 5 curiosities about the plant

Here are five facts about the beautiful red-leaved plant:

  1. Cultural differences: for the Celts the red maples were sacred trees while in Greek mythology theAcer rubrum it was the symbol of the god of fear Fobos (or Fobo or Phobos). Son of Ares, god of war, and of Aphrodite, goddess of beauty, Fobos, together with his brother Deimos, god of terror, supported his father in every battle.
  2. Symbology: the tree is the symbol of the state of Rhode Island, in the New England region. In Canada, on the other hand, a stylized scarlet maple leaf with eleven points stands out in the center of the national flag and on military uniforms.
  3. Different meanings: Scarlet maple leaves have different meanings based on cultures. In China they symbolize nobility and dignity, in Japan the passing of time, change and renewal, in Canada they symbolize eternal friendship, support, understanding and loyalty.
  4. Music: in the timber industryAcer rubrum it is considered a "soft maple". The wood is used for cabinet making, inlay, lutherie and for the production of some musical instruments such as drums, guitar necks and string instruments.
  5. Long live the newlyweds: from paper weddings to silver weddings to gold and platinum weddings. Every wedding anniversary has its own meaning, but not everyone knows that every single year spent together with a partner corresponds to a stone, a flower or a plant. For example, those who cross the 26-year-old milestone celebrate their rose wedding while those who reach 58 (in some countries, on the other hand, at 11) celebrate their maple wedding.

How is red maple grown in pots?

Grow red maple in pots or in the garden it is particularly simple since it is a plant that does not require great care or attention over time.

Of course, this does not mean that it should be ignored and allowed to grow undisturbed.

Especially when integrated in areas with a Mediterranean climate, in fact, it needs some extra care: the red maple, in fact, does not tolerate direct sun and therefore must be protected from too intrusive rays of the sun.

Having said that and choosing the right strain for you, it's time to choose the right container for the plant.

If you buy a very young and small plant, the advice is to start cultivation in a small pot which, however, will have to be changed over time as the plants grow.

As for the material, always choose a container in terracotta.

When it comes to land, what should be avoided is heavy soil, since it releases too much moisture at the root level at the same time, a soil that is too sandy would cause the water to drain too quickly.

Little care, but good: this is what red maple needs

The soil that will host your red maple should not be excessively salty, but an acidic and light substrate not excessively rich in organic matter. In this case, the soil that we advise you to choose is the one that proposes one common blend, perhaps lightened with sand and materials for acidophilic plants.

Regarding the fertilizeron the other hand, the administration of these products must be light and moderate and, above all, carried out at the end of winter. The ideal product is the slow release granular one and will be applied on the base of the stem.

On the front irrigation, on the other hand, correct watering is essential for the success of the cultivation of the piata. Potted red maples do not tolerate prolonged drought and should be watered whenever the soil is dry on the surface.

This procedure can be bypassed in winter, as long as the potted red maple is placed in the condition to receive rain water enough.

Finally, always remember that these plants, in general, also resist temperatures up to -15 ° C when it comes to potted red maple, however, these are less resistant and therefore they must be covered and kept away from wind, rain and frost during the colder seasons.

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Video: Easy Japanese Maple Bonsai.