The date palm cannot die

The date palm cannot die

Plants facts

The name of the date palm is associated with the Phoenix bird. This is a mythical character who rises from the ashes. The palm tree got this name for its unique property to germinate even from a part of a dead trunk. New shoots can come even from small fragments of a dead palm tree. Due to this ability to adapt, about 17 species of palm trees grow in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa.

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What fruits grow on palms

What do we middle-latitude people know about palms and their fruits? In our stores there are dates (already in the form of dried fruits) and coconuts. We call the latter nuts, although they are not. Botanists classify coconuts as berries. Thus, this fruit is closer to a watermelon than a hazelnut, despite its hard shell. But there are other fruits of the palms besides the coconut and the date. And edible too. What kind? We will cover them in this article. And, by the way, bananas do not grow on palm trees, but are the fruits of a perennial herb. These are the tropical wonders.


Varieties of palm trees

United States

California and Arizona are where palm trees grow, and today there are numerous species growing here.

One of the more notable varieties is the California or desert palm frond.

There are, of course, many varieties of dates.

The tree of the states of South Carolina and Florida is the Sabala saw palmetto.

You will find these trees wild all over the state.

It is a fairly cold hardy palm that is extremely good for these locals.

There are many coconut trees to be found in the south, especially around the Florida Keys.

Texas has many species of desert palm trees to the south and other salt-tolerant varieties along the coast.

The diverse climate of the Hawaiian Islands results in many impressive trees growing there.

Europe

There are several palm growing locations in Europe that are ideal for growing palm trees.

All over the Mediterranean, you can find them without trying your best.

One of the most popular is the date palm of the Canary Islands. Originating on this island in Spain, they have made their way to various locations around the world.

You will even find the Pindo palm tree growing in England along with a windmill and needles.

Believe it or not, you will also find many palm trees growing in England.

The English Riviera is famous for its palm trees that grow there.

Africa and the Middle East

The most popular species in the Middle East and Africa are dates and oilseeds.

The Middle East is the world's largest producer of dates. Africa is rapidly becoming one of the world's leading palm oil producers.

The largest producers are India and Malaysia in the global oil market. Both produce oil for human consumption and for biodiesel.

Caribbean

The Caribbean Sea is one of the most popular holiday destinations in the world.

You cannot imagine a tropical beach where you can relax without remembering the palm trees.

As with many cultures around the world, indigenous peoples use palm trees for many things.

Trees protect them. They feed them fruit. Quench their thirst with water.

These trees play an important role in providing them with the basic necessities of life.

Coconut palms are the main habitat, but under ideal growing conditions there are many varieties in the region.

A trip to the Dominican Republic will allow you to explore the palm trees while on vacation:

South and Central America

There are many palm growing areas in South and Central America.

The large wax palms of Brazil and Colombia are among the tallest species in the world.

They reach 60 meters in height and rise above the canopy of other trees.

Let's not forget about rain forests. Not only in South America, but all over the world. They are home to many wet varieties, while arid species thrive in the world's deserts.

Australia and Asia

Asia and Australia are home to many types of palm trees used in landscaping today.

Popular foxtails and Kente palms are threatened by their natural habitat in Australia.

Both are now being demonstrated all over the world in different landscapes.

Canadian and Russian palm

Canada is not the place to find palm trees, but we do have several varieties that grow outdoors on the west coast of the Vancouver area.

Many others are imported for use in pots in patios in the summer and indoors in the colder months.

We may be the “Great White North”, but we also deserve a tropical feel - especially when the arctic winds blow!

You might think Russia is an unlikely place for palm trees.

In Sochi, which hosted the 2014 Winter Olympics, there are several different exhibits on display.


How to care for a date palm?

Throughout the year it is bright, sunny and airy. In summer, the plant is recommended to be taken out into fresh air. In winter, they are kept at a temperature of about 10 ° C in a bright place. For uniform formation of leaves, palm trees must be turned towards the light so that the top of the young leaf is directed into the interior of the room. Young plants are transplanted annually; plants older than 5 years are transplanted less frequently.

Very plentiful in summer, but excess water in the pot should not be allowed. In winter, watering should be limited depending on the temperature. Water for irrigation is used non-rigid, at room temperature, even if the plant is in a cool place. With a strong overdrying, the leaves go down and later do not restore their previous position. In case of dryness, it is recommended to pull the leaves up and tie them to a support.

The plant needs regular feeding with organic fertilizers, sometimes alternating with fertilization with potassium nitrate (1 g per 1 liter of water). From April to August, fertilize every 10 days, in winter - once a month.

Seeds. Heating the soil to 25-30 ° C promotes their better germination.

The plant is transplanted if the roots begin to "squeeze" it out of the pot. It is recommended to cut off 5-10 cm of the densely woven root layer in order to reduce the earthy ball. Soil: sod land, humus, compost, sand (1: 1: 1: 1).

Yellowing leaves. The reason is insufficient watering. In summer, the roots should not dry out.

Brown leaf tips. Air is too dry. Spray the leaves regularly in hot weather. Other possible causes are insufficient watering, cold air.

Brown spots on the leaves. A common cause is leaf spot, which appears when the soil is waterlogged or a sudden drop in temperature. Another reason could be the use of very hard water.

Brown leaves. The lower leaves darken and die off with age. They should be trimmed, not torn off. If the entire plant darkens and signs of rotting appear, this indicates waterlogging of the soil. It is necessary to stop watering, remove the date from the pot and inspect the root system - if all the roots are watery and darkened, then unfortunately there is nothing to help, if there are live roots, then cut off all the dead and sprinkle the cut with crushed coal. Leave the plant in a ventilated room for 2, 3 days to dry the soil.

Caring for a palm tree is not that difficult.

Palms began to be grown not only as greenhouse plants, but also as "ordinary indoor" plants at the beginning of the 19th century. And although now in stores you can buy a number of other types of palm trees, the date one for many remains the most beloved. Maybe, as for me, "from old memory", and maybe - due to its relative unpretentiousness. By the way, at one time the date palm was called a "fun plant" - precisely because it was so easy to grow it from the "junk" seeds of dates bought in the nearest shop. But I totally disagree with the word "fun" - any living creature, be it a plant or an animal, cannot be fun, it always requires attention and care, and most importantly - warmth.

So, in the summer I bought mature dates from the store and planted three seeds, burying them vertically in deep clay pots with wet sand (you could also use an earthen mixture with a lot of sand or even sawdust, but in this case you need to take care of good drainage). The pots were kept at about 25 ° C. We had to wait quite a long time, as much as three months. And finally, small sprouts of palm trees appeared on the surface. After that, I transplanted them into a mixture of turf, leafy soil, humus, peat soil and sand (2: 2: 4: 1: 2), adding a little more crushed charcoal. When replanting seedlings, I tried not to tear off the remnants of the seed, since in palm trees the seeds supply the small plant with nutrients for a long time. When the first leaf appeared, I transplanted the young plants into larger pots (about 8 cm in diameter) and put them in a bright place (but not in the open sun). In winter, when the palms entered a period of relative dormancy, I began to water them less often, however, preventing the earthen coma from drying out. At the beginning of spring, young plants passed into new pots - about 11 cm in diameter and gave two of them to her friends. Now I have only one palm tree. She has already started her second year and she is still quite small in size, since palm trees grow very slowly in indoor conditions. The main thing is to take care of the date palm with soul. However, I know that with good care, my tree can reach a height of about 2 m.In the spring and summer, I watered it abundantly with water that was settled at room temperature, and periodically sprayed or wiped the leaves with a sponge dipped in warm water. Once every 2 weeks, I fed it with a solution of special fertilizers for palm trees. Taking care of the date palm is not difficult if you know some secrets.

While the plant is young, it must be replanted every year. When it reaches the age of five, a transplant will be required less often - once every 2-3 years. At this time, it is easier to care for the date palm. With each transplant, the proportion of sod land in the soil mixture should increase. Upon reaching the age of fifteen, the palm tree can be transplanted very rarely, once every 5-6 years. By this time, up to 5 parts of sod land should already be part of the soil.

The dates sold in stores are the fruits of the palm date palm (Phoenix dactylifera). Canary dates (P. canariensis) and Robélen dates (P. roebelenii) can also be found as indoor plants. The Canary date is especially beautiful. The leaves of this palm are large, and the petioles are covered with strong needle-shaped thorns. It is also a relatively undemanding plant in indoor conditions. Otherwise, you can take care of the date palm in the same way, despite the variety.
The Canary date palm, like the finger palm, can reach a height of two meters in indoor conditions. The date of Robelena is relatively shade-tolerant and can be placed in a room in a place not lit by the bright sun. But the temperature in winter in the room where this palm tree is grown should not fall below 15-18 ° С.

Sometimes palm leaves begin to turn yellow. This is most likely due to insufficient watering. In the summer, the roots of the plant should in no case be overridden.


Palm mix mini: how to care?

Palm Mix Mini is one of the most beautiful varieties of domesticated palms. It fits perfectly into the interior, and is also a favorite plant of many flower growers. You should start with the location of the palm tree. Based on the fact that this plant is thermophilic, there is no point in placing it directly on the sunny side of the room. It should not be in bright sun or shade. Those who had to learn how to care for a mini mix palm tree understand perfectly what this limitation is. A lot of sun - the leaves turn yellow. Little sun - they darken and wither.

Due to improper care, the plant can significantly change or even die. Deciding to independently figure out how to reanimate a palm tree, many in vain fill it with water. In principle, the roots of a palm tree do not like a large amount of water. But its leaves love moisture. For them, there will be no harm from periodic spraying, but from watering more often than once a week, after a month you can forget what a date palm looks like in a healthy state.

The presence of yellow leaves is a symbol of the fact that they lack moisture, or it evaporates very quickly. You can cut them off without fear. In this case, you only need to cut off the yellowed parts. If you can see that the structure is normal to the middle of the leaf, then deciding how to prune the palm is simple: just go to the "live" part.

It is not uncommon for a palm tree to be mistakenly placed in a cold room. The temperature, which has a beneficial effect on its growth, cannot be lower than 25 degrees above zero. Excessively hot air for a palm tree is not enough: the main thing is that the sun's rays do not burn its leaves. If the plant is frozen, then you will need to not only learn how to grow a date palm at home, but also determine the optimal watering method for it. It should not be carried out during the first two weeks, and then its frequency does not exceed one week. Proper care of the palm tree will not allow its deterioration and even more death. A beautiful plant can become part of the interior of a room or winter garden for a long time.


Carambola

Several years ago, I came across a magazine article on how you can grow carambola at home. The detailed description was accompanied by a photograph of a pretty tree covered with small pink flowers. On the same day, I went to the store and bought some fruits "for seeds".


Carambola, photo by the author

Some of the fruits turned out to be seedless, only in one I managed to find three seeds, which were immediately planted. Shoots appeared in about a month. I did not plant them in separate pots, then it seemed to me that this way the plant would look more magnificent. In practice, it turned out that the strongest sprout soon began to oppress its neighbors - against its background they looked like weak scum.

When this became too noticeable, I did not dare to divide the plants - the roots were intertwined too much, and the division could become too traumatic. I didn't know how carambola relates to root damage, so I didn't risk it. Now, however, it is for the better - a couple of smaller plants cover the partially bare trunk of a taller shoot.

In leaving the carambola turned out to be quite simple. She loves bright diffused light (in no case the direct sun, in the sun her leaves burn very quickly). An adult plant needs good nutrition - if the roots are cramped in the pot, the plant does not receive regular feeding, then the lower leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off. He does not like overdrying - it needs to be watered regularly as soon as the top layer of the earth dries up. Reacts very well to increased air humidity. The spider mite also loves her, but if the plant is regularly sprayed and washed in the shower, then this scourge can be avoided.


Carambola leaf (left) and pitahaya (right). Photo by the author

Almost immediately, I tried to form a branched tree out of my carambola, but neither pinching nor radical pruning helped - it released only one replacement shoot. She began to branch only in the fourth year. Now my carambola grows in a 30-centimeter pot, it is almost a half-meter plant. I really hope that soon it will bloom.


Using [edit | edit code]

Palm trees are widely cultivated as agricultural crops (date palms, coconut palms). The fruits of many types of palms are used, rattan and some other palms are used to make wicker furniture.

Palm leaves are traditionally used to make roofs of some Asian buildings and gazebos, beach mushrooms, hats, etc.

In addition, various types of palm trees are widely used as ornamental plants (including indoor gardening).

In many cultures, palm trees have been symbols of victory and peace [5].


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